`The ongoing fragmentation of
knowledge and resulting chaos in philosophy
are not reflections of
the real world but artifacts of scholarship.'
- E.O. Wilson,
Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge (1998)
WELCOME TO ENCORE, THE ELECTRONIC APPENDIX TO
GUIDE TO EVOLUTIONARY
A MOSTLY USEFUL COMPENDIUM OF 646 FILES ON THE ART OF
EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION SUITABLE FOR ALL AGES, PARTICULARLY, BEGINNERS
IN THE FIELD, (ALTHOUGH IT HAS BEEN REPORTED TO US THAT EVEN SOME
OLD-TIMERS ENJOYED READING IT).
SO, DEAR FELLOW HIKERS, HERE'S
NO TOWEL, AND SOME FRIENDLY WORDS:
WHAT DO YOU WANT TO LEARN TODAY?(TM)
We're honored. We're humble. We're
[Hmm-we're not exactly certain what we
have here, maybe we should have asked someone
else to educate our
youth? And by the way, who the hell did ask this guy...? -Ed.]
THE RECORDING, COPYING,
LOAN, UNAUTHORIZED HIRE, PUBLIC SHOWING OR BROADCAST OF THIS DATAGRAM
IS STRONGLY ENCOURAGED.
UNLIKELY EVENT OF ANY PHILOSOPHICAL INTERFERENCE WITH THE CONTENT,
LANGUAGE OR STYLE OF PRESENTATION USED IN THIS SERVICE, PLEASE ADJUST
YOUR MIND TRACKING CONTROL NOW. THIS WILL, IN MOST CASES, RECTIFY BOTH
YOUR VIEWS AND YOUR GUTS.
WHATEVER REASON, YOUR MINDTRACKING DEVICE FAILS, WE RECOMMEND TO PURCHASE
A PAIR OF NYET-NYET 2000 PERIL SENSITIVE SUNGLASSES, (NOW IN STORE AT
MOST MEGAMARKETS - MANUFACTURED BY SIRIUS CYBERNETICS CORPORATION),
BEFORE READING THESE PAGES, AND SUGGEST TO CLICK ON THE PANIC! BUTTON
...IF YOU REALLY
WANT TO READ ON (OR JUST CAN'T FIND THE PANIC! BUTTON), WELL, READ ON,
RELAX & HAVE FUN.
`Indeed, the author firmly
believes that the best serious work is also good fun.
apologize if we enjoy doing research.' -Donald E. Knuth
Frequently Asked Questions...
of Contents Last-modified: 01 Mar 99 (646 files+395 hrefs)
hate definitions!' -Benjamin Disraeli
What's ENCORE anyway?
What's the use of definitions anyway? A query of Webster's online
dictionary about ENCORE gives us the following:
while the Hitch-Hiker's Guide to Evolutionary Computation
is well-known to define ENCORE as:
\'a:n-.ko-(*)r, -.ko.(*)r\ n [F, still, again] :
made by an audience;
also : a further performance
to such a demand
- encore vt : to
encore of or
Ok, we won't get into the details here; they have been given in
The Jester's Gauntlet, anyway;
(although the monthly download statics tell me that another pamphlet
of mine On the Color of Red (A
trip through the theory of colors and the way of thinking) was the
most read single item from ENCORE for some time...) Just think
of ENCORE as a beginner's paradise for those who just
found themselves entangled in the mystery struggle to get involved in
The Art of Evolutionary Computation.
- enc. ore n : the alternate
way to spell :
sa.-fier ; also : the
living proof for the possible creation
- ENCORE n : The EvolutioNary
in part. : a mostly harmless, but mindbogglingly
useful network of
in the field
To explain what all this
really means let's start slowly [good -Ed.] with something
someone once called the total perspective vortex. This famous
vortex is experienced by most hikers, aka students, on their trip across
the mind paralysing distance from uninitiatedness to post-PhD wisdom:
When they start playing with the accumulated wisdom in the field of
their interested, students are endangered to get into a state of mind
of total confusion. Douglas Adams has described something like this in
"The Restaurant at the End of the Universe", he called the
total perspective vortex, on page 59:
"For when you
are put into the Vortex you are given just one momentary glimpse of the
entire unimaginable infinity of creation, and somewhere in it a tiny
little marker, a microscopic little dot, which says `You are here.'"
To prevent you from falling into this vortex,
ENCORE will help you to do the following:
- Get to know
the frequently asked questions (FAQs) on EC; and their respective
answers, presented in a mostly entertaining way.
- Get familiar
with all EC paradigms in an unbiased way; possibly in your own native
language (at present: German,
"hands-on" experience by using any of the software packages provided.
- Get to know where to look for test data servers, that provide you
with problem instances needed for comparative studies.
- Get the
latest call for papers (CFPs); job announcements; or other and projects
currently en vogue.
- Learn more about the folks who are "in"
the field; especially their private side.
- Learn more about other
related subjects and research fields.
- Move on to more specialized
repositories maintained by research groups with at least a glimpse of
what EC is all about...!
So, you really wanna know what the reviewers said about ENCORE?
`All that is worth knowing can be learnt
but not necessarily taught' -Oscar Wilde
What are those Sections within
ENCORE? ENCORE is highly structured to provide easy access
to its 646 files (at present). All main EC paradigms have their
Other Evolutionary or
Genetic Paradigms Other non-traditional, hybrid or related
approaches that make use of genetic paradigms but do not fit in the
categories above, like, e.g., some Alife systems, are collected in
the Evolutionary Algorithms section:
The Hitch-Hiker's Guide to Evolutionary
Computation The aforementioned mostly entertaining FAQ
to the field, i.e., comp.ai.genetic
The Navigator's Handbook to ENCORE
Naturally, the documentation of ENCORE is included: The Navigator's Handbook to ENCORE gives a gentle
introduction to the repository and it's access with traditional, i.e.
simple FTP clients and more recent developments, i.e., World-Wide
Web clients. An alternate way to get to know the complete contents
of an EClair is to download the CONTENTS
file. A quick OVERVIEW on all files is also
available. Note that the CONTENTS is listed
in the appendix to the The Navigator's Handbook to
ENCORE (55pp, 183K). You only have to download either of these two.
[Hmm-this is becoming increasingly obsolete, why do they still have
documentation for this service online? Anybody any idea?
`The "silly question" is the first intimation of
new development' -Alfred North Whitehead
All EClairs & Clife sites at
a Glance? A Map of ENCORE
is available as are the individual nodes in the network,
i.e., the EClair's in the project's parlance:
The EClair at UUNET Deutschland GmbH, Germany
The EClair at The Santa Fe Institute, NM, USA
- The EClair at
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, HK
- The EClair at
The California Institute of Technology, CA, USA
- The EClair at
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
- The EClair
at The University of Capetown, South Africa
- The EClair at
Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
EClair at Technical University of Berlin, Germany
- The EClair at
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
- The EClair at The University
of Oviedo, Spain
The EClair at Center of Technological Education of Parana, Curitiba,
The EClair at The University of Girona, Spain
The EClair at The University of Birmingham, UK
- The Clife
site at The University of Granada, Spain
The Clife site at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
The Clife site at The Santa Fe Institute, NM, USA
- The Clife site
at UUNET Deutschland GmbH, Dortmund, Germany
- The Clife
site at The University of Girona, Spain
The Clife site at The University of Birmingham, UK
The Clife site at Ecole Polytechnique, France.
The Clife site at Bioinformatics Lab of CEFET-PR, Curitiba, Brazil.
How to become an EClair?
If you are interested to set-up another EClair
at your place read about the RESOURCES
and actions needed.
How to get on the Clife
side of Life? If you cannot afford the megabytes needed to become a
full EClair, it might be a good idea to make your
World-Wide Web server a Clife site;
just take a look at README.clife.
`Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves,
or we know
where we can find information upon it.' -Samuel
World-Wide Web Resources?
The Adaptive Systems Research Group (AS) at The German
National Research Center for Computer Science (GMD), Germany.
Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Project (PM-AI&R
Project) at The University of Milano, Italy.
- The Bionik Research
Group at Technical University of Berlin, Germany.
- The Complex Systems
Program (PSCS) at The University of Michigan, MI, USA.
- The CoSy Group
at Institute for Research on Parallel Information Systems
of the National Research Council of Italy.
- The Evolutionary
Algorithms Group at The University of Edinburgh, UK.
Digital Genetics Research Group at The University of
Idaho, ID, USA. Where James A. Foster offers his recurrent
course in evolutionary computation.
Evolutionary and Adaptive Systems Group in COGS at School
of Cognitive and Computing Sciences, University of Sussex, UK.
- The Evolutionary
Computing Group at University of the West of England, Bristol,
The Evolving Cellular Automata (EVCA) Group
at The Santa Fe Institute, NM, USA.
Evolutionary Computation in Control Systems Engineering
web in the Automatic Control & Systems Engineering
Department at Sheffield University, UK.
Optimization Research Group at University of Southampton,
Genetic Algorithms, Artificial Intelligence and Neural Networks
(GAiN) group at Leiden University, The Netherlands.
- Group Algorithmics
and Foundations of Programming at Leiden University, The
The Geneura Team at The University of Granada, Spain.
- The GA-List
Directory at The Navy Center for Applied Research in
Artificial Intelligence (NCARAI), Wash. D.C., USA.
- The Genetic Algorithms
Group (GAG) at George Mason University, VA, USA.
LEARN: Lothian Evolutionary Algorithms Research Network
at The University of Edinburgh, UK.
Illinois Genetic Algorithms Laboratory (IlliGAL) Directory
at The University of Illinois Genetic Algorithms
Lab, Room 308A, Transportation Building, IL, USA.
- The nexus for UCL
Evolutionary Algorithm Research (nUCLEAR) at University College
- SYMPA: Research into Parallel
Genetic Algorithms at LGI laboratory, Grenoble, France.
The Systems Analysis Group alias LS11 alias CASA
(Center for Applied Systems Analysis at the ICD) at The
University of Dortmund, Germany. (Note the group's FTP server ftp://lumpi.informatik.uni-dortmund.de/pub/.)
The Clearinghouse for Genetic Algorithms at The University
of Alabama, AL, USA.
The GA Playground: by Ariel Dolan is a general purpose GA toolkit
implemented in Java, designed for experimenting with genetic algorithms
and handling optimization problems. New problem definition requires only
coding of a fitness function and supplying parameters by an Ascii file
(similar to Windows ini file). However, the structure of the progarm is
very modular and supports overwriting of any GA operator or function,
if required. The GA Playground is primarily designed to be used as
an application and not as an applet, since it requires re-compiling of
at least one function (the fitness function) and the use of local file
I/O. In addition, it is a little heavy as an applet. However, although
its use as an applet does not enable defining new problems (new fitness
functions), it enables extensive playing with many variations of already
defined problems. Currently the applet includes TSP problems, Knapsack
problems (Both single and multiple), Bin packing problems, Facility
allocation problems, Real function optimization, Multi-Modal function
GEARS: The Genetic Algorithms Research Students mailing
list's archive at UUNET Deutschland GmbH, Dortmund,
To subscribe to GEARS send email to: email@example.com
- Nova Genetica: A
Compendium of useful GA links by Darin R. Molnar, at Portland State
University, OR, USA.
- RARS: The Robot Auto Racing Simulation's
FTP archive at University of
Test Data Servers
NetLib run by NetLib.Org at
ORlib run by John E. Beasley at Imperial College, London,
Use e-mail to
firstname.lastname@example.org to request files. Or go directly to the FTP server
MIPLib at Rice University, TX, USA.
TSPlib at the University of Heidelberg, Germany.
- SGB: The Stanford Graph
Base project by Donald A. Knuth at Stanford University,
CA, USA. [The SGB is an exciting new library written in CWEB, that allows for
creation of arbitray problem instances of arbitrary types of graphs. SGB
is used in the forthcoming 4th volume of "The Art of Computer Programming"
that will include chapters on Genetic Algorithms, Simulated Annealing,
and other heuristics-based search procedures. For an overview of this
project see the 1993
Interview with Knuth. -Ed.]
Football web site a hybrid genetic techniques to beat
all known heuristics for attacking the NP-hard combinatorial
optimization problem of finding ``longest paths'' by Buel Chandler.
- Test Functions
for Evolutionary Algortihms a collection by William M. Spears.
`...it doesn't matter how beautiful your
theory is, it doesn't matter how smart you are
- if it doesn't
agree with experiment, it's wrong.' -Richard P. Feynman
Other Related Resources?
MIT Press/Alife Online at The Santa Fe Institute, MN,
The Avida Artificial Life group headed by Chris Adami at
The California Institute of Technology, CA, USA.
- Artificial Life in
Germany an overview by Matthias Oliver Berger and Olaf Kubitz at
RWTH, Aachen, Germany.
The Artificial Life FAQ maintained by C. Titus Brown at The
California Institute of Technology, CA, USA.
Life: The Quest for a New Creation by Stephen Levy.
Artificial-Life Simulators and their Applications by Howard
Gutowitz. [This is a report written for the French government. It
is intended as both a critical overview of the field of Artificial
Life and as a resource guide. It contains an extensive bibliography
on Alife simulators, autonomous agents, neural nets, genetic
algorithms, and the like. FTP and WWW sites are emphasized.
There is a list of Alife research groups as well. -hag.
[it misses a link to ENCORE, though -Ed.]]
The Alife library maintained by Patrick Tufts.
Live Artificial Life Page by Robert Silverman.
- Where to get a
doctorate in Artificial Life or related areas? by Ben Marcotte.
The Tierra Working Group Report (contains information on the
Tierra Network Initiative) maintained by Titus Brown.
"The Artificial Life Resource" maintained by Jörg Heitkötter.
(Zooland Europe, &
- G.R.A.L. The
Research Group on Artificial Life at National Research Council,
Institute of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
- The Computational
Beauty of Nature by Gary W. Flake, published by MIT Press.
- The Bioinfo Gopher, and
the Bioinfo FTP
site maintained by Tom
Schneider at The National Cancer Institute, MA, USA.
- The BIOSCI International Newsgroups for Molecular
- The Biologie:
The Great Biological Addable Link Collection
A Biologist's Guide to Internet resources written
by Una Smith at Yale University, CT, USA.
L-System Software maintained by Mark S. Hammel at The
University of Calgary, CAN.
The Bioinformatics Server maintained by David G. Greene at
Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
- IBM Jena maintained by Institut für
Molekulare Bioltechnologie at The University of Jena, Germany.
- Newsgroup(s): sci.bio.evolution,
Operations Research, Applied Mathematics &
Knot System: Growing availability of advanced genetics computer
programs and large lineage linked databases, increases the probability of
geneticists having to deal with very complex relationships. This makes a
standardized way of communicating such types of blood relationships more
and more obligatory. The Knot System is probably the first notation
which scientifically correct can document blood relationships of
any complexity and of unlimited generation depth, developed by Knud
Theory Resources on the Net at University of Arizona, AZ,
- Operations Research
Resources World-wide at Carnegie Mellon University, PA,
Bibliography for Discrete Event Systems Simulation: Optimization
and Sensitivity Analysis at University of Baltimore, MD,
Operations Research Directory
Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics' (SIAM) Webserver.
- CPLEX Optimization, Inc.'s
- Tabu Search
& friends at The University of Trento, Italy.
- Global (and Local)
Optimization at The University of Vienna, Austria.
- INFORMS Online The
ACI is a collection of bibliographic references going back to 1982.
It includes references to all papers in ORSA/TIMS journals from
1982-1987 and references from about 150 operations research journals
from 1988 through 1993. The papers are indexed to reviews in the
International Abstracts in Operations Research journal.
Chaos Bibliography maintained by Peter E. Beckmann
at The University of Mainz, Germany.
Vehicle Routing Problem maintained by Tim Duncan at AI
Applications Institute, University of Edinburgh, UK.
Programming FAQ, and Nonlinear
Programming FAQ, maintained by Robert Fourer at the
Optimization Technology Center of Argonne National Laboratory
and Northwestern University, USA.
Other Archives & Online Journals
Artificial Life on the World-Wide Web including the
Life Related Newsgroups Archive at The California Institute of
Technology, CA, USA. [Two more Good Things created by Titus; the
latter has the articles of comp.ai.alife,
Behaviour at The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in
cooperation with MIT Press.
Artificial Life at The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in
cooperation with MIT Press.
Journal of Biological and Information Processing Sciences Elsevier
Science Publishers, P.O. Box 1527, 1000 BM Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Effect Bibliography by Peter Turney, Darrell Whitley, and Russell
Complexity at The Santa Fe Institute,
in cooperation with Wiley-Interscience.
Evolutionary Computation at The Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, in cooperation with MIT Press.
Transactions series: Evolutionary Computation, Fuzzy Systems,
and Neural Networks.
JAIR: Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research at
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in cooperation with Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
- xyz.lanl.gov Nonlinear
Science e-Print Archive (nlin-sys) at Los Alamos National Labs.,
Physics e-Print Archive at Los Alamos National Labs.,
Annealing & other Physics-inspired methods
Art, Games & Videos
- NLI, New Light Industries, Ltd.
9713 W. Sunset Hwy., Spokane, WA 99204, USA. Tel: (509)456-8321 Fax:
(509)456-8351 E-Mail: Roger Wink (email@example.com)
- NSL, Natural Selection Inc.
3333 N. Torrey Pines Ct., Suite 200, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Tel:
(619) 455-6449 Fax: (619) 455-1560 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Brightwater Software
3130 Brighton 6th, Suite 5M, Brooklyn, NY 11235, USA. Tel:
(718) 646-4989 Fax: (718) 646-7097 E-Mail: email@example.com
- Ultragem Ultragem
Data Mining, 450 Wildberry Drive, Boulder Creek, CA 95006, USA.
Tel: (408) 338-3302 Fax: (408) 338-7503 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
- GPO, Genetic Photo
Optimizer DIGITAL ARTS GmbH, Am Braunsacker 110, D-50765
Cologne, GERMANY. Tel: +49 221 95903035 Fax: +49 221 95903031
& Hörner's ActiveX Genetic Programming Control
Hanke & Hörner Software, Flemmingg. 13, A-1190
Vienna, Austria Tel: +43-1-4406230 Fax: +43-1-4405602 E-Mail:
`The stars get their brightness from the surrounding
Who is...? Ok. This section is far from complete. But
anyway, those affiliated with Evolutionary Computation, Artificial
Life or other Complex Systems Sciences that have a so-called
"personal homepage" installed shall be listed here:
David Ackley at The University of New Mexico, NM, USA.
- Chris Adami
at The California Institute of Technology, CA, USA.
Thomas Bäck at ICD, Dortmund, Germany.
E. Beasley at Imperial College, London, UK.
C. Belding at University of Michigan, MI, USA.
Bentley at University College London, UK.
- To Thanh
Binh at Otto-von-Guericke-University of Magdeburg,
Egbert J.W. Boers at Leiden University, The Netherlands.
- C. Titus Brown
at The California Institute of Technology, CA, USA.
- Hugh Cartwright at
Oxford University, UK.
Chan-Jin Chung at Wayne State University, Detroit, MI,
Trevor Collins at The Open University, Milton Keynes,
Nichael Cramer at BBN, Boston, MA, USA.
Crosbie at Purdue University, IN, USA.
A. De Jong at George Mason University, VA, USA.
Dorigo at Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
Ivanoe De Falco at IRSIP - CNR, Italy.
- J. Dana Eckart at Radford
Gusz Eiben at Leiden University, The Netherlands.
- Terry C. Fogarty
at Napier University, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
David B. Fogel at Natural Selection, Inc, CA, USA.
Stephanie Forrest at The University of New Mexico,
James A. Foster at The University of Idaho, ID, USA.
Gathercole at The University of Edinburgh, UK.
- Paul H. Ginsparg
at Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM, USA.
David E. Goldberg at The University of Illinois, IL,
Erik Goodman at Michigan State University, MI,
Gutowitz at The Santa Fe Institute, NM, USA.
- David D. Greene at
The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
J. Hartley at Drexel University, PA, USA.
Heitkötter at UUNET Deutschland GmbH, Germany.
Ingber at Lester Ingber Research, VA, USA.
Robert Keller at The University of Dortmund, Germany.
- Kees van Kemenade
at Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica (CWI), Amsterdam, The
John Koza at Stanford University, CA, USA.
Frank Kursawe at The University of Dortmund,
B. Langdon at The University of Birmingham, UK.
- Chris Langton at The Swarm
David Levine at Math and Comp. Sci. Division Argonne National
Laboratory, IL, USA.
Filippo Menczer at University of Iowa, IO, USA.
- J.J. Merelo
Guervos at Granada University, Spain.
Miller at Napier University, Edinburgh, UK.
Minar at The Santa Fe Institute, NM, USA.
- Eric Minch at Stanford
University, CA, USA.
Melanie Mitchell at The Santa Fe Institute, NM,
Ramin Charles Nakisa at Oxford University, UK.
O'Reilly at SFI & Carleton University, Ottawa,
Nair at University of Southampton, UK.
Roland Olsson at University of Oslo, Norway.
Prechelt at Karlsruhe University, Germany.
- Jeffrey Putnam at
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, NM, USA.
Rosca at The University of Rochester, NY, USA.
Martin Schütz at The University of Dortmund, Germany.
Alan C. Schultz at NCARAI, Wash. DC, USA.
Hans-Paul Schwefel at The University of Dortmund, Germany.
Jane Shaw at University of Sheffield, UK.
- Karl Sims
(still) at Thinking Machines Corp., MA, USA.
Joachim Sprave at The University of Dortmund, Germany.
Rainer Storn at ICSI Berkeley, CA, USA.
Marc Schoenauer at Ecole Polytechnique, France.
Taylor at The University of Edinburgh, Scotland,
C. Sinclair at The University of Essex, UK.
Tang at Hong Kong Telecom, Hong Kong.
- Peter Thomson
at Napier University, Edinburgh, UK.
- Andrew Tuson
at University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
- Matthew Wall at
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA.
`Do not seek to follow in the footsteps of the wise.
what they sought.' -Basho
Acknowledgements, Credits & all the Fish Thanks to all those who
contributed to this endeavour (a list of all these friendly folks is
available in the THANKS file from any EClair);
however, some special thanks must be acknowledged, particularly to
the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC); without their introductory
technobabble on the "THE MAKING OF THE HITCH-HIKER'S GUIDE TO THE GALAXY"
video tape, (that instructs you to adjust the tracking control of your VCR
in case "THE FOLLOWING VIDEOGRAM DISPLAYS LOW QUALITY"), I wouldn't have
come up with the intro I used above.
of course to (Dr) David Beasley, my virtual friend and companion
in my madness (over the past 3 years), who likes to get lost during
his trips from A to B, (where A is a city in the United Kingdom and B a
city in the Ruhrgebiet, namely Dortmund), for taking over the FAQ work,
thus allowing me to create ENCORE and fool around with these new
information gathering & presentation technologies. (He also contributed
much of the saner parts of the Guide, leaving the insane parts for me,
something that I always wanted to thank him for...) And (Dr) JJ
Merelo Guervos, ``The Jester's patcher''. Thanx!
behind The Hitch-Hiker's Guide to Evolutionary Computation &
ENCORE is a cross, i.e., my own interpretation of the educational
concepts developed by scholars like Charles Lutwidge Dodgson,
Edwin Abbott Abbott, Jean Piaget, Alan Kay, Seymor Papert, Donald
Knuth, Gregory Rawlins, and others that focus on individualized,
hands-on learning; education by entertainment, or funderstanding and
guided discovery of information that's mixed with annotated plays
for intellectual refreshment during the journey - but if the things
I created can really live up to these concepts is on you to decide;
your comments are welcome.
"The overall design of this page owes much
to the music I've been listening to, while hackin' the HTML code. Notably
U2's Zooropa & some LOUD stuff from the Seattle area, that
goes like this... "I'm worse at what I do best and for this gift I feel
blessed, I found it hard, it's hard to find, well, whatever, nevermind."
Again, this is for YOU, and to all those oppose!!"
... towel not included!
Copyright © 1995-1999 Jörg Heitkötter. All
If you find bugs in this service, please inform
refer to the ENCORE
Available from the same author:
* Surfland * Webland * Zooland
`The real voyage of discovery consists
not in seeking new landscapes
but in having new eyes.' -Marcel